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During the fourth and final day of "Planet Under Pressure" in London, adopted the "State of the Planet", a statement that brings together the thinking of experts on major global issues - environmental, economic and social. Fonte: Jornal da PUC

The text of the declaration shall be attached to the debate to be held between 11th and June 15th Forum for Science, Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development, sponsored by the International Council for Science (ICSU) and World Federation for Engenering Organization (WOFE) , Campus Gávea PUC-Rio.

Recognizing the complexity and urgency of the current challenges, the scientists propose in the document a new vision for global sustainability, to be discussed at Rio +20. The declaration opens emphatically: "Today's research demonstrates that the continued functioning of the Earth system, which supported the welfare of human civilization over the centuries, is at risk." The scientists concluded that the consensus is growing about the emergence of a new planetary era, the Anthropocene, determined by the impact of human activity.

In the view of political science and director of UNESCO's natural sciences, Lidia Brito, co-chair of the conference, this is a statement to interconnect companies globally. "The time and resources are scarce. Need to change course in some fundamental way, and in this decade," said the scientist. Mark Stafford Smith, co-chairman of the Conference, "one begins to realize that this new state of humanity can be used for rapid innovation."

The final declaration concludes that a highly interconnected global society has the potential to innovate quickly, and outlines five initiatives that should serve as recommendations for Rio +20, "The valuation of natural capital when measuring progress, a new framework to develop a set of goals that lead to global sustainability, inclusive of all nations, the strengthening of the Council for Sustainable Development United Nations to integrate social, economic and environmental globally, the launch of a new international research program Earth, Future, which will focus on solutions, and the beginning of regular analyzes of global sustainability. "

The plenary session this morning was also conducted with the participation of speakers as the director general of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, the English Minister of Science and Universities, David Willetts, who stressed the importance of exchanges between the scientific community worldwide, and recorded statements the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon. In the debate, which brought together five scientists, Maria Ivanova, Professor, Department of Conflict Resolution, Human Security, and Global Governance and co-director of the Center for Sustainability and Gorvenance Boston, suggested as an efficient alternative to broadcast a sustainable attitude to adoption by depart from the universities of a sustainable approach. Closing

discussions in the morning, Shobnakar Dhakal, Executive Director of Global Carbon Project, Japan, talked about building sustainable cities. He said the urban population growth and pollution has serious impacts on health and slums. Beside the high level of consumption of the cities with large environmental footprint, are major challenges in this area. Dhakal goals points to try to tackle these issues - among other things, refocus investments in urban infrastructure system, guaranteeing quality to urbanization, especially in new settlements, to promote a change of lifestyle and expand the knowledge of urban issues.


Science & Society

Teachers Maria Fernanda Lemos, the course of Architecture Department of Art and Design, and Mark Cohen, the Department of Administration, commented on the main points of debate in the last day of "Planet Under Pressure."

- Integration

"On the question of the city, it is important to have integration as a slogan, especially in the context of developing countries, where inequality is a characteristic socio perverse. integration of the fragmented city is a condition for building resilient cities resistant, yet flexible, which leads us to reflect on the importance of prioritizing the idea of building a "city unequal zero" on that, on current evidence, to build a "zero carbon city", which emphasizes environmental issues sustainability and puts social issues in the background. the construction of a "city unequal zero" requires integration, reduce poverty, expand the structure and urban infrastructure and the fair distribution of urban resources. "

- Sustainable University

"is a global trend of integration of the university as a center for creation and exchange of knowledge through education and research. It is, indeed, the recognition that the university has a role to play in the issue of sustainability. it is not just a matter of education, to teach, but to give an example. the university no good to talk about environmental issues to students, if it does not deal with your garbage, do not care about the issue of energy savings. When it comes a contract between science and society, the university has a key role, since it produces not only science, but civil society is also present. "

By: Lilian Saback
In the photo, professors Maria Fernanda Lemos and Marcos Cohen.

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